Breakout 9: Effects of Vehicle Automation on Energy-Usage and Emissions

Breakout 9: Effects of Vehicle Automation on Energy-Usage and Emissions

Tuesday, July 11, 1:30 PM – 5:30 PM
Golden Gate 6

Co-Chairs:

  • Avi Mersky, Carnegie Mellon University
  • Zhenhong Lin, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Organizers:

    • Amitai Bin-Nun, Securing America’s Future Energy
    • T. Donna Chen, University of Virginia
    • William Chernicoff, Toyota
    • Jia Hu, Federal Highway Administration
    • Natarajan Janarthanan, Washington State Department of Transportation
    • Paul Leiby, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
    • Xiao-Yun Lu, University of California, Berkeley
    • Don MacKenzie, University of Washington
    • Mathieu Joerger, University of Arizona
    • Jimmy O'Dea, Union of Concerned Scientists
    • Constantine Samaras, Carnegie Mellon University
    • Tom Stephens, Argonne National Laboratory
    • Zia Wadud, University of Leeds
    • Jacob Ward, Carnegie Mellon University
    • Guoyuan Wu, University of California, Riverside

    Session Goals

    The goal of the session is to provide a forum for an exploration on the current issues being investigated, by the profession, on the subjects pertaining to the potential energy and emissions implications of automation technology, in the transportation sector. Also, to provide an open forum for discussion of these and other issues among the current investigators/researchers, industry, regulators and interested parties.

    Format

    Presenters will be divided into 5 main subject groups: Systems Wide Models; Adaptive and Cooperative Adaptive Cruise control; Specific Technologies, Policy; and Vehicle Sharing and Routing. Each speaker will present 15 slides at 20 seconds per slide, for a total presentation time of 5 minutes per speaker. Each Subject group will be given an open discussion, after each presenter in that group has presented. This discussion will be 5 minutes long for each presentation in the group.

    Schedule

    1:30 PM – 1:40 PM Session Opening

    Presentation Groups

    1:40 PM – 2:30 PM System Wide Models of Energy and Demand
    Moderator – Jimmy O'Dea

    Preliminary analysis of the impacts of CAV technologies on travel demand and energy use

    • Joshua Auld, Argonne National Laboratory

    A new framework for the utility of autonomous vehicles: Impacts on energy

    • Amitai Bin-Nun, Securing America’s Future Energy
    • Isabel Binamira, Georgetown University

    Quantifying Fuel Impacts of Connected and Automated Vehicles Through a Bottom-up Energy Inventory Model and National Traffic Data

    • Yuche Chen, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
    • Jeff Gonder, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
    • Eleftheria Kontou, National Renewable Energy Laboratory

    Challenges in Modeling CAV Energy-Emission Impacts, and What (If anything) can be Learned from Compact Equilibrium Modeling

    • Paul Leiby, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Energy Impact of CAV — Reducing Estimation Uncertainty with Disaggregate Consumer Choice Modeling

    • Zhenhong Lin, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    2:40 PM – 3:20 PM Impacts of Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control
    Moderator – Avi Mersky

    Truck CACC Fuel Economy Test

    • Xiao-Yun Lu, University of California, Berkeley
    • Steven Shladover, University of California, Berkeley
    • Brian McAuliffe, National Research Council, Canada
    • T. Barry, Transport Canada
    • S. Bergqvis, Volvo
    • A. Kailas, Volvo
    • O. Altan, Federal Highway Administration

    Evaluating Energy and Emissions Impacts of Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control through Traffic Mircrosimulations

    • Andrew Eibert, US Department of Transportation
    • Lauren Jackson, US Department of Transportation
    • George Noel, US Department of Transportation
    • Brian O'Donnell, SGT
    • Scott Smith, US Department of Transportation

    Road Test of CAV Eco-ACC on Rolling Terrain

    • Jia Hu, Federal Highway Administration
    • Jiaqi Ma, Leidos

    Estimating Energy Efficiency of Connected and Autonomous Vehicles in a Mixed Fleet

    • Liang Hu, Iowa State University
    • Jing Dong, Iowa State University

    3:30 PM – 4:00 PM Impacts of Vehicle Sharing and Routing
    Moderator  Xiaoyun Lu

    Travel and environmental impacts of unoccupied VMT in Robotaxi fleet based on GPS trajectory data

    • Morteza Taiebat, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
    • Shihong Huang, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
    • Neda Masoud, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
    • Henry Liu, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
    • Ming Xu, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

    A Green Routing Fuel Saving Opportunity Study on Large-Scale Real-World Travel Data

    • Lei Zhu, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
    • Jacob Holden, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
    • Jeffrey Gonder, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
    • Eric Wood, National Renewable Energy Laboratory

    Leveraging Shared Autonomous Electric Vehicles as First/Last-Mile Connections for Transit

    • T. Donna Chen, University of Virginia
    • Farhan Javed, University of Virginia
    • Zhuoyi (Tony) Zhang, University of Virginia

    4:10 PM – 4:30 PM Impacts of Specific Technologies: Other
    Moderator – Paul Leiby

    Holistic Assessment of the Co-Benefits and Tradeoffs between Safety, Mobility and the Environment for Automated and Connected Vehicles

    • Matthew Barth, University of California-Riverside
    • Guoyuan Wu, University of California-Riverside
    • Danyang Tian, University of California-Riverside

    Electric Vehicle Charging Placement Optimization with Vehicle Automation

    • Avi Mersky, Carnegie Mellon University
    • Constantine Samaras, Carnegie Mellon University

    4:30 PM – 5:00 PM Policy Impacts and Implications
    Moderator – Jia Hu

    Eligibility of vehicle automation and connectivity technologies for credits in fuel economy and GHG regulatory programs

    • Therese Langer, American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy

    Incentives to Promote Sustainable Energy Outcomes with CAVs: Taxation Strategies and Energy/Demand Responses

    • Paul Leiby, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
    • Jonathan D. Rubin, University of Maine

    Exploring the Energy, Economic, and Travel Implications of Changes in Parking Choices due to Driverless Vehicles

    • Corey Harper, Carnegie Mellon University
    • Constantine Samaras, Carnegie Mellon University

    5:10 PM – 5:30 PM Session Closing

    Breakout 9 / 25