Breakout Sessions

Breakout Sessions

Breakout 1: Market Acceptance and Demand: Data Capture and Analysis Techniques to Examine Behavioral Responses to AVs

Tuesday and Wednesday, July 11 & 12
Yosemite C

Organizers:

  • Johanna Zmud, Texas A&M Transportation Institute
  • Yoram Shiftan, Technion
  • Ram Pendyala, Arizona State University
  • Joan Walker, University of California, Berkeley
  • Kristin Kolodge, J.D. Power and Associates
  • Maren Outwater, Resource Systems Group
  • Chandra Bhat, University of Texas at Austin Center for Transportation Research
  • Barbara Lenz, German Aerospace Center, DLR
  • Liaison: Don MacKenzie, University of Washington

This workshop will identify data capture and behavioral analysis techniques to understand AV adoption behaviors, the pathways of AV ownership and use (private ownership versus shared mobility option), and the potential impact of driverless cars on human activity-travel behaviors and mobility-related longer term choices (such as employment decisions, residential location decisions, and vehicle ownership by body type and fuel type).The workshop will emphasize three aspects: (1) Behavioral Elements. The objective of this part of the workshop will be to identify the many dimensions of activity-travel behavior that may be impacted by AVs, and also the personal preferences/attitudes that may be germane to AV behavioral responses; (2) Experimental Design. The thrust of this portion of the workshop will be to identify possible data capture mechanisms to elicit the behavioral elements identified earlier. The word “experimental” is intended to be very broad encompassing observed behavior, stated preference, virtual reality, field tests, before/after tests as well as qualitative methods; (3) Analytical Framework and Analysis Methods. There is an important need for an analytical framework that allows for the systematic assessment of the behavioral impacts of AVs across studies. To bound the scope, this workshop discusses will focus on completely driverless vehicles.


Breakout 2: Human Factors in Road Vehicle Automation: Training and External HMI Considerations

Tuesday and Wednesday, July 11 & 12
Yosemite A

Organizers:

  • Michael Manser, Texas A&M Transportation Institute
  • Natasha Merat, University of Leeds
  • Chris Schwarz, University of Iowa

The deployment and deployment of partially and fully automated vehicles are expected to improve overall safety and mobility, but the extent of this improvement can be impacted significantly by the effective interaction between drivers and the systems with which they interact. The human factors in road vehicle automation breakout sessions will address critical topics relative to the effectiveness of this interaction.

The first breakout session is entitled “Judging a car by its cover: Human factors implications for automated vehicle external communication.” This session will bring together professionals to discuss “How” partially and highly automated vehicles should communicate with all roadway users, “What” information is needed to communicate, and to what degree standardization of external communication will be necessary. The second breakout session is entitled “Automated vehicles are pretty much here: How can human factors research help prepare drivers, lawmakers, and educators, and the public?” This session will explore how education, training, and effective HMI design can play critical roles in raising driver/road-user awareness to ensure clear understanding about appropriate use of and expectations about these and future vehicle capabilities.

Session attendees will benefit from significant interaction between attendees and experts through case studies, interactive discussions, and panel discussions.


Breakout 3: Enabling Technologies for Automated Vehicles

Tuesday and Wednesday, July 11 & 12
Franciscan A&B

Organizers:

  • Jim Misener, Qualcomm Technologies Inc.
  • John Estrada, DriverlessTransportation.com
  • Juhani Jaaskelainen, European Commission
  • Surya Satyavolu, Sirab Technologies Inc.
  • Sudharson Sundararajan, Booz Allen Hamilton
  • Sven Beiker
  • Frank Serna, Draper Laboratory
  • Cristofer Englund, Viktoria Swedish ICT
  • Jennifer Carter
  • Dominique Freckmann
  • Virginia Stouffer, LMI
  • Barry Pekilis
  • Valentin Scinteie, Kontron
  • Ching-Yao Chan
  • Carl Andersen, USDOT
  • Robert Dingess, President, Mercer Strategic Alliance, Inc.

Vehicle automation has captured the hearts and minds of many, and the resulting prospect and promise of safety, mobility, convenience, comfort and a plethora of other potential benefits is indeed exciting. Just as exciting and crucial to envisioned applications are the enabling technologies that will literally and figuratively be under the hood.

This two-afternoon session will begin with a series of moderated one-hour “deep dives”, with two expert speakers slated per deep dive. These one-hour segments will include an interactive question and answer portions to enable a dialog and collective understanding of the enabling technology. There will be six enabling technologies deep dives:

  • Advances in Positioning and Localization
  • Advances in Sensing and Perception
  • The Digital Infrastructure (data, maps, and other enablers for automated vehicles)
  • Cybersecurity
  • On-board Computational Technologies (sensor fusion, guidance and control, compute
  • Communications that Enable Connected and Automated Vehicles (e.g., DSRC, Cellular)

These deep dives will continue into the second day. In that second day, there will be a wrapup final segment devoted to blending these technologies to collectively understand the current state relevant enabling technologies and challenges and opportunities that remain.

By the end of the Enabling Technologies breakout, we hope to achieve:

  • Views of technology needs for successful models of deployment of automated vehicles
  • A set of research topics based upon the groups analysis of gaps.
  • Significant individual take-aways to include understanding of the diverse enabling technologies and a holistic perspective on how they might combine into future automated vehicle systems.

Breakout 4: What Happens Next: AV Crashes, Curbs, and Laws

Tuesday and Wednesday, July 11 & 12
Continental 2

Organizers:

  • Karlyn Stanley, RAND Corporation
  • Ellen Partridge

The Legal Committee will present a panel that discusses what happens next following an AV car crash: what information does law enforcement want and need, what information will be sought by insurance companies and the manufacturer, and what will product liability lawyers do? We will assess all the stakeholders and their roles and consider their first steps after an AV car crash. Additional panels will consider two of the following topics: 1) model AV legislation for cities and states; 3) updates on AV insurance and liability issues; 3) new AV legislation; 4) NHTSA voluntary guidance for states; 5) preliminary FHWA AV Vision Statement; 6) AV data to assist agencies in making informed decisions: how to collect, protect, use, resell? We will collaborate with the Policy committee for one panel, possibly the data use panel.


Breakout 5: Public Transport and Shared Mobility

Tuesday and Wednesday, July 11 & 12
Yosemite B

Organizers:

  • Gary Hsueh, Arup

This two-day session seeks to address how vehicle automation technology can be harnessed across public transport and shared mobility services in order to provide mobility for all. How will vehicle automation disrupt traditional transit systems, what new and different types of market-driven or publicly-run services are emerging, and how should public transport perform in the future?

In the past year, numerous pilot projects and partnerships have been forged between innovators and public transport agencies, municipalities, and universities. What is their experience to date, and what are the lessons learned? New funding and research opportunities are also available. What are they and who should apply? Finally, in a workshop format, help us identify topics, issues, and solutions for anyone who is considering implementing a form of future public transport and shared mobility.

Goals/Outputs

  • Lessons learned from pilot programs/demonstrations
  • List of relevant programs/funding opportunities
  • Topics, issues, and solutions for anyone who is considering implementing a form of future public transport and shared mobility.

Breakout 6: Trucking Automation: Key Deployment Scenarios

Tuesday and Wednesday, July 11 & 12
Continental 1

Co-Chairs

  • Johan Engstrom, Virginia Tech Transportation Institute
  • Richard Bishop, Bishop Consulting

Organizers:

  • Tom Voege, ITF-OECD
  • Jean-Pierre Medevielle, IFSTTAR
  • Xiaoyun Lu, Berkeley/California PATH
  • Jia Hu, FHWA
  • Gene McHale, FHWA
  • Osman Altan, FHWA
  • Bob Denaro, ITS Consulting
  • Richard Demato, Goodops
  • Divya Demato, Goodops
  • Elfie Campbell, Goodops
  • Geoff Johnson, Peloton
  • Shawn Kimmel, Booz, Allen, Hamilton
  • Myra Blanco, Virginia Tech Transportation Institute

Goals

  • Provide an overview of the current state of the art of automated trucking
  • Bring together a representative set of stakeholders to address short- and long-term deployment of automated trucks
  • Study at least one specific deployment scenario in detail in a deep dive session

Outputs

  • Identification of key enablers and hurdles for deployment of automated trucks
  • A session report which could possibly be developed into a chapter for the Springer book

Session description

The objective of this session is to address how the deployment of on-road truck automation may play out in the short- and long-term. The session will start with several presentations providing an overview of the current state of the art of automated trucks and address lessons learned from domains where automated trucks have already been successfully deployed, such as mining and military operations. Moreover, an overview of known key deployment issues in the automated truck domain will be provided.

This will set the stage for a set of two panels addressing short- and long-term deployment scenarios for automated trucks. These panels will include a representative range of stakeholders such as truck OEMs, tier-one suppliers, aftermarket system and service providers, road authorities (federal and state), carriers and drivers’ unions. Key items to be addressed include: What are the main driving forces behind deployment of automated trucks (efficiency, safety, cost reduction, societal benefits)? What are the key barriers and challenges that must be overcome (regulations, insurance, technology/cost, standardization, user acceptance)? What are the key steps towards deployment (incremental development, licensing, operating locations, timelines)? Which are the key enabling technologies (vehicle as well as infrastructure-related)? What are the needs related to managing different platooning configurations (e.g., which vehicles can join the platoon)? How can testing and evaluation best support deployment? What are the main organizational and/or societal implications that need to be considered? What are the most pressing research questions to be answered and what types of entities are best positioned to address them?

The final part of the break-out session will focus on a set of selected case studies, or “deep dives”, with the goal to address deployment of automated trucks at a more concrete level involving actual carriers and their customers.

We request two 3hr, 30 min sessions (entire afternoons on both Tuesday and Wednesday)

Preliminary agenda

Day 1

1. Introduction (20 min) Johan Engstrom, Richard Bishop

2. Presentations

  • State-of-the-art of on-road truck automation (60 min)
    1. General overview (20 min) Richard Bishop
    2. Platooning (20 min)
  • Highway automation (20 min)
  • Lessons learned from existing successful deployment of automated trucks (e.g., mining, military applications) (20 min), Caterpillar (speaker TBD)
  • Key deployment issues in on-road truck automation (20 min), Shawn Kimmel (BAH)

Break (20 min)

3. Panels

5-6 participants in each representing truck OEMs, tier-one suppliers, aftermarket system and service providers, road authorities (federal and state), carriers and drivers’ unions etc. After each panel, time will be allocated to discussion with all session participants.

Panel 1: Deployment of platooning,

  • Truck OEM
  • Third parties / aftermarket system and service providers, (Steve Boyd, Peloton),
  • Suppliers
  • Federal authorities (Osman Altan, FHWA)
  • State authorities
  • Trucking industry (Lisa Black, Amazon)

Short panel statements (30 min) + general discussion including the audience (30 min)

Panel 2: Deployment of highway automation + general discussion

  • Truck OEMs
  • Third parties / aftermarket system and service providers (Ognen Stojanovski, Otto)
  • Federal authorities (Kelly Regal/Jeff Loftus/Martin Walker/Brian Routhier, FMCSA)
  • State authorities: Greg Larsson, Caltrans
  • Law enforcement/inspection
  • Trucking industry: Martin Brower (speaker TBD)
  • Freight clients: McDonalds (speaker TBD)
  • Other stakeholders: Unions, AAMVA, international projects

Short panel statements (30 min) + general discussion including the audience (30 min)

4. Wrap-up and conclusions

Day 2

1. Deep Dive: Case study/use case 1

Join us for a behind-the-scenes look at how McDonald’s and their leading global distributor, Martin Brower, are taking an early market initiative to harness vehicle automation technology for cold chain transportation and initial results from on-road trials.

The global cold chain market, utilizing temperature-controlled logistics operations for perishable food transport, is projected to reach $271 billion by 2022. Adoption of commercial vehicle automation, while attractive for its potentially significant savings in fuel and driver costs, must also properly address food safety and quality concerns and manage risk to ensure brand trust and reputation. Senior executives from McDonald’s and Martin Brower will present the structure of their ongoing vehicle automation pilot tailored to measuring benefits to their unique cold chain multi-modal logistics requirements including preliminary observations and results. Two fundamental domains will be discussed, long-haul truck shipments from supplier to distribution center, and short-haul shipments from distribution center to restaurant on non-highway, city roads, each utilizing different classes of vehicles and demanding very different solutions for automation due to the operating environment, route structures, regulations, policies and myriad technical challenges. A major goal of this presentation is to engage the audience with the corporate decision-makers on the podium to debate and discuss challenges and opportunities in driving transformative change across Martin Brower’s supply chain which is ranked #2 in the world by Gartner, behind Unilever and ahead of Amazon.

2. Deep Dive: Case study/use case 2

3. Deep Dive: Case study/use case 3


Breakout 7: Enterprise Solutions Series

Tuesday and Wednesday, July 11 & 12
Continental 3

This session gives symposium benefactors and exhibitors the opportunity to present on the latest technology developments, partnership opportunities and other happenings in the industry. Attendees will hear from the companies and organizations shaping the future of transportation.


Breakout 8: Urbanism Next Workshop: AV’s Effects on Urban Development

Tuesday, July 11
Golden Gate 5

Organizers:

  • Nico Larco, Department of Architecture– Sustainable Cities Initiative, University of Oregon
  • Caroline Rodier, Urban Land Use and Transportation Center (ULTRANS), University of California at Davis

While there has been substantial research involving the technological aspects of AVs, there has been scant investigation into the secondary effects of how AV adoption will shape urban development. This half-day workshop/charette will bring together urban designers, planners, architects, and real estate professionals to investigate AVs effects on land use, physical city design, urban densification or sprawl, and changes in local vitality and activity. Participants will work in focused groups, developing scenarios of how different parts of the Bay Area might shift with this new technology. This will include looking at potential shifts in the urban core, satellite cities, and more suburban contexts.


Breakout 9: Effects of Vehicle Automation on Energy-Usage and Emissions

Tuesday, July 11
Golden Gate 6

Organizers:

  • Co-Chair: Avi Mersky, Carnegie Mellon University
  • Co-Chair: Zhenhong Lin, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Paul Lieby, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Jimmy O'Dea, Union of Concerned Scientists
  • Don MacKenzie, University of Washington
  • Tom Stephens, Transportation Systems Analyst
  • T. Donna Chen
  • Guoyuan Wu, University of California, Riverside
  • Jacob Ward, U.S. Department of Energy
  • Constantine Samaras, Carnegie Mellon University
  • William Chernicoff, Toyota
  • Natarajan Janarthanan, Washington State DOT
  • Xiao-Yun Lu, University of California, Berkeley
  • Amitai Bin-Nun
  • Mathieu Joerger
  • Jia Hu

This session will consider potential effects of automation on the energy use and emission (intensity and variability) of vehicle travel. Along with travel distance, vehicle and fuel technologies, and mode choices, automation can have a profound impact on total energy demand and emissions from vehicles. The session will thus be centered on the question of how vehicle, infrastructure and policy design may affect travel energy usage and total emissions. This includes specific design choices related to vehicles, infrastructure and their operations, as well as system-wide outcomes and interactions. Presentations will seek insights from both new empirical data and improved methodologies for representing the influence of driving factors. Specific subject matter includes:

  • Potential for shifts in vehicle size and characteristics (performance, powertrain type) because of automation (both directly and through enabling mobility services) to alter energy intensity and fuel demand
  • Potential for automation to influence the choice of fuel type, and to accelerate adoption of alternative fuels (through reduced infrastructure costs and improved payback)
  • How automation can/should be accommodated in existing policy and regulatory frameworks, specifically relating to energy, such as CAFE and state and federal GHG emissions standards
  • Synergies and tradeoffs between energy, capacity, safety, mobility and user experience/comfort.

Breakout 10: Policy Issues for Automated Vehicles: Data Sharing and Informing Policy

Tuesday, July 11
Franciscan C&D

Organizers:

  • Anita Kim, U.S. DOT Volpe Center
  • Ginger Goodin, Texas Transportation Institute
  • Baruch Feigenbaum, Reason Foundation
  • Shawn Kimmel, Booz-Allen Hamilton
  • Richard Mudge, Compass Transportation and Technology
  • Amitai Bin-Nun, Security America’s Future Energy
  • David Perlman, U.S. DOT Volpe Center
  • Paul Leiby, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Myra Blanco, Virginia Tech Transportation Institute
  • Tammy Trimble, Virginia Tech Transportation Institute
  • Emil Degrasse, Teamsters

Identifying appropriate frameworks for both industry and public agencies to exchange safety and operational data is critical for successful widespread adoption of automated vehicles (AV). Yet, key questions around how AV data will be shared while protecting proprietary business information, what AV data should be shared and in what format all remain to be resolved. Public agencies are also in a position to share real-time work zone and construction information with developers of the technology, emphasizing an opportunity for innovative data sharing partnerships with industry. This discussion will explore possible AV data frameworks and begin to identify policy recommendations in

The session will include panels to explore the following topics:

  • Data sharing models and frameworks for test and safety data
  • Enabling public-private data sharing, for real-time mapping, work zones and other operational data
  • Data standardization needs and challenges
  • Translating policy needs into data requirements

Breakout 11: Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) for Automated Vehicles (AV): Exploring Tools, Algorithms, and Emerging Issues

Tuesday, July 11
Golden Gate 3

Organizers:

  • Shawn Kimmel, Booz Allen Hamilton
  • Sherif Ishak, Louisiana State University
  • Ronnie Chowdhury, Clemson University
  • Haizhong Wang Oregon State University
  • Omar Ahmad, National Advanced Driving Simulator, University of Iowa
  • Alireza Mostafizi, Oregon State University
  • Ching-Yao Chan, University of California, Berkeley
  • Xiang Li
  • Norio Komoda
  • Chenfeng Xiong, University of Maryland
  • Yunlong Zhang
  • G. Fengxiang Qiao
  • Yuanchang Xie
  • Lei Zhu
  • Kakan Dey, Clemson University
  • Anuj Sharma
  • Somaye Fakharian
  • Daniel Emaasit, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
  • Heng Wei
  • Hao Liu, University of California, Berkeley
  • Xuewei Qi, University of California, Riverside
  • David Reinke, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Harsh Verma, R Systems
  • Praveen K. Edara
  • Bahar Zarin, University of Maryland
  • Brian Park Byungkyu
  • H M Abdul Aziz, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Autonomous driving relies on in-vehicle computers that emulate the functions of a human brain in making informed decisions. Such systems employ artificial intelligence and sophisticated machine learning methods to support object tracking and the pattern recognition capabilities. This session will provide an overview of AI and ML for AVs that will (1) describe the breadth of tools and algorithms that are enabling new applications and (2) introduce emerging issues and challenges. The session will then explore [two] case studies in specific application areas through technical presentations and a panel discussion.

We will begin by describing the current state of AI and ML for AVs. This introduction will cover:

  • high level overview of the algorithms and tools being used, especially deep learning (i.e., convolutional-neural-nets, or CNNs)
  • survey the application areas, such as route and traffic signal optimization, object classification and tracking, swarm intelligence, and end-to-end vehicle control.
  • identify and briefly describe major issues associated with training, validation, verification, and version control

To further explore AI tools, algorithms, and issues, the session will focus on [two] case studies:

  1. Applications for transportation operations
    1. optimizing traffic signal control and dynamic route guidance, data/ methodology needs and considerations
    2. estimate future traffic conditions utilizing the rich trajectory, object detection, and surrounding traffic data generated by AVs
  2. Vehicle control and/or perception
    1. Machine Learning and Swarm Intelligence that improve connected automated vehicle (CAV) efficiency or Learning based CAV

Breakout 12: Testing Connected and Automated Vehicles (CAVs): Accelerating Innovation, Integration, Deployment and Sharing Results

Tuesday, July 11
Continental 8

Organizers:

  • Cynthia Jones, Ohio DOT
  • Shannon Barnes, CSG Government Solutions
  • Jennifer Carter, HERE
  • Mathieu Joerger, University of Arizona Transportation Research Institute
  • James Li, Oak Ridge National Research Laboratory
  • Taylor Lochrane, FHWA Office of Operations Research and Development
  • Barry Pekilis, Transport Canada
  • Valerie Shuman, Shuman Consulting Group, LLC
  • Junhua Wang, Tongji University
  • Sponsored by TRB ABJ50 Information Systems and Technology Committee

Description

This session will explore opportunities and best practices regarding connected and automated vehicles (CAV) testing throughout the industry. CAVs offer the promise of improved safety and performance, compared to the current human driver paradigm. Both closed course and open road testing are critical components of technology evaluation, improvement, integration and acceptance. Diversity of testing sites and attributes will multiply the scenarios tested and mitigate operating risk once the technology is implemented. The USDOT has cited acceleration of learning and development expected from the mandatory Community of Practice within their Automated Vehicle Proving Ground Pilot Program.

We will include US and international speakers and participants from CAV experts, the USDOT AV Proving Grounds Pilot network, and other closed course and open road sites. The following items are the foundation of our session planning:

Education, Sharing and Collaboration Opportunities

  • Safety: testers and public
  • Interoperability including V2V and V2I
  • Testing Standards and Procedures
  • Diverse sites: density, weather, scenarios, communications, closed course/open road
  • Expand Community of Practice

Share Best Practices

  • Highway Operations
  • Public/Private Partnerships
  • Initial Development of testing sites
  • Provide and share results

Goals

  • Showcase diverse CAV Proving Grounds
  • Understand various purposes of CAV Proving Grounds (e.g., Closed, open, urban, cross border)
  • Understand planned outcomes of CAV Proving Grounds (e.g., functional innovation, roadworthiness certification, digital infrastructure interoperability)
  • Explore roles and partnerships for different types of testing (public/private/academic, military, standards bodies, global, etc.)

Outputs

  • Summary for TRB proceedings, including workshop results
  • Chapter for Road Vehicle Automation Series of AVS Highlights
  • Research Needs or Synthesis Statements (if applicable)
  • Expand the Community of Practice
  • Next Steps for Collaboration
  • Document Cyber Security impacts and issues

Breakout 13: Challenges and Opportunities for the Intersection of Vulnerable Road Users (VRU) and AVs

Tuesday, July 11
Continental 9

Organizers:

  • Justin Owens, Virginia Tech Transportation Institute
  • Laura Sandt, UNC Highway Safety Research Center

Vulnerable road users, including pedestrians, bicyclists, and people with disabilities, are a critical population to consider as our roadways become increasingly populated with semi-and fully-automated vehicles in the coming years. This advancement in technology may provide opportunities for improved safety, for example by allowing better VRU detection and system flexibility, but may also pose a series of new challenges including usability and communication concerns.

The goal of this session is to explore ways in which highly and fully-automated vehicles may impact the mobility of VRUs by investigating both opportunities for improvement and challenges to safe implementation. We will feature two presenter panels with experts from related fields:

  1. Speakers who reflect the perspectives and needs of vulnerable populations including experts, safety and mobility advocates, and/or people with disabilities
  2. Speakers who will present on public policy, infrastructure, and/or technical considerations

Each panel will be followed by an interactive discussion with the audience to further explore issues and considerations arising from the panel presentations. The session will conclude with a broader general discussion that will integrate information discussed previously with issues and perspectives and information that may not have been previously discussed.


Breakout 14: Enhancing the Validity of Traffic Flow Models with Emerging Data

Tuesday, July 11
Continental 7

Organizers:

  • Meng Wang
  • Xiaopeng (Shaw)
  • Samer Hamdar
  • Haizhong Wang
  • Sue Ahn
  • Mark Brackstone
  • Danjue Chen
  • Steve Mattingly
  • Alexander Skabardonis
  • Michael Levin
  • Lili Du
  • Robert L. Bertini
  • Menendez Monica
  • Gabor Orosz
  • Alireza Talebpour

This session provides an opportunity to bring together the cyber-physical/communications, vehicle and traffic flow communities to better understand the fundamental characteristics of traffic flow with varying levels of automation and identify the research needs for developing models to assess real-world mobility and environmental sustainability implications of connected automated vehicles (CAV).

We will focus on discussion of innovative traffic flow modeling techniques and simulation tools to quantify the mobility and environment impacts of CAV and their implications on highway capacity and freeway operations and designs. Special attention will be given to validation of existing and new CAV traffic flow models according to empirical data from CAV field tests. Invited representatives from road authorities, industry, and academia will share state-of-the-art research findings and challenges for this growing interdisciplinary field and the whole group will discuss data needs, data availability, and validation and calibration methods for CAV traffic flow models. The breakout session will provide opportunities for collaboration across research communities.

This session will generate draft research needs statement along the theme, session presentations, discussion group notes, and a chapter of the symposium proceedings.


Breakout 15: CAV Scenarios for High-Speed, Controlled Access Facilities

Tuesday, July 11
Golden Gate 2

Organizers:

  • Christopher Poe, TTI/ TRB Freeway Operations
  • Steve Kuciemba, PB/TRB Freeway Operations
  • James Colyar, FHWA/ TRB Freeway Operations
  • Taylor Lochrane, FHWA/ TRB Freeway Operations
  • Greg Krueger, HNTB/TRB ITS
  • Nick Wood, TTI/ TRB Managed Lanes
  • Patrick Vu/TRB Managed Lanes
  • Angela Jacobs, FHWA
  • Alex Skabardonis, UC Berkeley / TRB Highway Capacity
  • Tim Gates, Michigan State / TRB Traffic Control Devices

This session will focus on scenario planning for CAV (Connected and Automated Vehicles) on freeways and managed lanes. Through a series of presentations and break-out group discussions, dialogue with audience participants will be a critical component as we explore specific scenario development with operational and real-world implementation issues at the forefront. This session is being developed with joint involvement from Freeway Operations, ITS, Managed Lanes, Highway Capacity and Quality of Service, and Traffic Control Device Committees.

The goals of this sessions are:

  • Discussion and identification of likely CAV scenarios for high-speed, controlled access facilities
  • Identification of infrastructure needs (roadway & ITS) to support the CAV scenarios
  • Identification of near term implementation opportunities
  • Discussion and identification of research needs

Breakout 16: Aftermarket Systems (ADAS- related)

Wednesday, July 12, 1:30 – 5:30 PM
Golden Gate 6

Organizers:

  • Chris Borroni-Bird, VP, Strategic Development, Qualcomm Technologies Incorporated
  • Jim Misener, Director, Technical Standards, Qualcomm Technologies Incorporated

The goal of the session is to better understand the role that aftermarket systems may play in accelerating the deployment of automated vehicles. Aftermarket systems can accelerate deployment of automated vehicles while providing safety benefits with a viable business model. Examples of aftermarket systems may include those that provide collision avoidance warnings, train computer vision algorithms, or transmit and receive V2V messages. The session will bring together speakers from technology startups and established Tier 1 suppliers to discuss the benefits and challenges associated with aftermarket system deployment. Consideration will be given to the business model as well, since aftermarket systems cannot expect to be mandated by government.

1:30 – 2:50 pm: Presentations
Roger Lanctot, Associate Director, Global Automotive Practice, Strategy Analytics

Stefan Heck, CEO, Nauto

Steve Boyd, Co-founder & VP External Affairs, Peloton Technology

Paul Sakamoto, COO, Savari

2:50 – 3:20 pm: Break

3:20 – 4:40 pm: Presentations
Elan Nyer, Director Business Development, Nexar

Joao Barros, CEO, Veniam

Cory James Hohs, CEO Haas Alert

Praveen Singh, VP Connectivity Business, Lear

4:40 – 5:30 pm: Panel Session
Moderated by Roger Lanctot
Panelists: Stefan Heck, Steve Boyd, Paul Sakamoto, Elan Nyer, Joao Barros, Praveen Singh


Breakout 17: Safety Assurance of Automated Vehicles

Wednesday, July 12
Golden Gate 3

Organizers:

  • Prof. Hermann Winner, TU Darmstadt
  • Dr. Ching-Yao Chan, U.C. Berkeley PATH

Safety Assurance of Automated Vehicle (SAAV) is a still unsolved problem for introduction of automated driving. In 2016, AVS experts of different countries have presented aspects and approaches of SAAV. These contributions and the discussions led to key issues, which will be in the focus of the 2017 AVS break-out session on Safety Assurance.

Introduction: Safety Assurance of Automated Vehicle (SAAV) is a still unsolved problem for introduction of automated driving. In 2016, AVS experts of different countries have presented aspects and approaches of SAAV. These contributions and the discussions led to key issues, which will be in the focus of the 2017 AVS breakout session on Safety Assurance.

Starting with a 5-10 min stimulation presentation, we would motivate the audience to be ready for discussions. In 15-20 min discussions, we will find more about the opinions of the audience and would gather their proposals.

Goals/Outputs:

The planned questions for the discussions are:

  • How can we achieve common data collection for open databases with test scenarios?
  • How may a safety management system for (automated) road traffic look like?
  • How can machine learning functions be validated as safe?
  • What must be standardized for the validation process?
  • How to control realistic expectations about safety to the public?

At the end of the session, the attendees should have a deep insight into the problem, to see the huge challenges, and should be motivated to support the very long way toward SAAV.

Length of session: 3 hours and 30 minutes with one break at mid-point, no specific scheduling constraints

Agenda

Session 1: Technical Approaches on Safety Assurance

Presentations (1st Session):

Speakers:

  • Data Collection and Sharing: Prof. Lutz Eckstein, RWTH Aachen University
  • Proving Ground and Testing Facility for Safety Verification: John Maddox, President & CEO, American Center for Mobility
  • Safety Verification for Machine Learning Technologies: Karl Zipser, Researcher, UC Berkeley
  • Standardization: SAE Verification and Validation committee member, to be confirmed

Session 2:

Presentations (2nd Session): Societal Perspectives on Safety Assurance

Speakers:

  • Public Agency View: Bernard Soriano (California DMV),
  • Consumer Expectation: Ryan Harrington, Exponent, t.b.c.
  • Manufacturer View: Walter Wachenfeld, Continental, t.bc.
  • National Policy Perspective: Shawn Kimmel, BAH, t.bc.

Breakout 18: Reading the Road Ahead: Infrastructure Readiness

Wednesday, July 12
Continental 7

Organizers:

  • Scott O. Kuznicki, P.E., Dubai Office of Transpo Group
  • Dr. Paul Carlson, Texas Transportation Institute
  • Robert Dingess, Mercer Strategic Alliance
  • Jon T. Obenberger, Federal Highway Administration Ops R&D
  • Brian Watson, American Traffic Safety Services Association

Today’s automated vehicles collect primary guidance information from visible-light optical imagery machine vision equipment supported by complementary sensors and integrated with global navigation satellite systems. Without consistently-placed traffic control devices and geometric design, these cloud-supported multi-client machine learning systems will struggle to operate with predictable accuracy. This points to the need to determine the suitability of roadway segments for AV operations in support of the fast-emerging ubiquity of Level II and para-Level III AV systems and in preparation for consistent implementations of Level IV and Level V systems.

The outcome of this year’s infrastructure session will be a working group for developing roadway readiness criteria and an identification of key supporting organizations and contacts. These criteria will be based on the interplay of readiness with levels of automation and potential rating systems for state of readiness, supported by an architecture for a national readiness clearinghouse. The ultimate goal is a peer-reviewed handbook for assessing roadway readiness.

Six short presentations will introduce various challenges related to assessing infrastructure readiness. A subsequent traffic control devices workshop will be a forum for traffic control device researchers to demonstrate coordination with suppliers and vehicle manufacturers in the development of TCDs that are highly-compatible with AV machine vision systems. Finally, session participants will address various aspects of a framework for the determination of roadway readiness and the formation of the working group.


Breakout 19: SHARK TANK – Change is coming: who will survive?

Wednesday, July 12
Golden Gate 4

Organizers:

  • Richard Mudge, Compass Transportation and Technology
  • Alain Kornhauser, Princeton University
  • Amitai Ben-Nun, SAFE (Securing America’s Future Energy)
  • Alan Chachich, Volpe
  • Jean-Pierre Medevielle
  • David Pickeral, Smart and Connected Transportation
  • Reinhard Pfliegl
  • Scott Smith, Volpe

Automated vehicles provide a classic example of disruptive innovation. Change will be non-linear in nature (difficult to predict impacts with precision) and likely to generate new markets and new ways to provide traditional transportation services. Implications cover economic and social changes, well beyond those of traditional transportation investments.

Rather than talk in generalities, this workshop would focus on specific changes that have been advocated or predicted. A panel would provide a critical review of each potential change and ask about feasibility, unanswered technical or market questions, planning and policy implications, and possible future research. They would be asked to pick the most promising option. Audience interaction would be encouraged. A final session would focus on general implications for planning and policy and identify research needs.

Sharks – these should come from a range of different backgrounds, including technical, planning, and business experience. 4 individuals.

Fish – each concept would have an advocate, ideally someone with “skin in the game.” They would make a case for why the change is likely and then describe possible implications. A menu of possible topics (more will be added before we select five for presentation).

  • Shared cars everywhere. AV could stimulate a significant reduction in auto ownership (down to as low as 10 percent).
  • Capacity bonanza: One benefit claimed by some is the defacto increase in roadway capacity due to fewer crashes and reduced vehicle headways. This has broad economic, financial, and planning implications.
  • Freight revolution: what if local freight is dominated by drone delivery and small package autonomous vehicles?
  • Automated shuttles everywhere. These would begin as low-speed vehicles to serve specific local needs but then expand to regional coverage.
  • Hyperloop. While not officially part of the AV/CV world, these would surely be self-driving. Elon Musk’s new plan for urban tunnels could fit here.
  • Intercity. Exclusive AV lanes (high speed and perhaps with buses) have implications for short haul air and rail.

Breakout 20: Making Automation Work for Cities

Wednesday, July 12
Golden Gate 2

Organizers:

  • Siegfried Rupprecht, Rupprecht Consult
  • Scott Smith, United States Department of Transportation/Volpe Center
  • Dirk Heinrichs, Institute of Transport Research - German Aerospace Center (DLR)
  • Ivo Cré, Polis

As vehicle automation has become a "hot topic" in many cities, transport policy makers and planners need to exchange and coordinate activities among peers, as well as with other stakeholders. The focus of this session is to discuss the specific opportunities and challenges of transport automation that supports strategic urban/ metropolitan mobility policy goals. How can automation be "made to work for cities", while considering potential benefits and obstacles? How can automation become an integral part of mobility plans? What measures can transport authorities start now to facilitate successful implementation of connected and automated vehicles? The breakout session provides opportunity to discuss automation of shared collective transport, the phase of coexistence of conventional and automated vehicles, as well as automation of municipal services (e.g. freight distribution, waste collection).

The primary target group for this breakout session are urban/ metropolitan planners and policy makers, as well as potential implementers of automation technology in cities. The session aims to identify activities that help facilitate automation that contributes to meeting key policy goals of cities.


Breakout 21: Connected and Automated Vehicles in Traffic Signal Systems

Wednesday, July 12
Continental 8

Organizers:

  • Prof. Larry Head
  • Prof. Henry Liu

The goal of this two-part breakout session is to explore opportunities for new approaches to control of signalized intersections (or more broadly controlled junctions) for CAV. This session explores the role of infrastructure and the vehicle in decision making and control decisions and how vehicles and the infrastructure can cooperate to safely and efficiently operate the intersection of roadways.

Session 1: Signal Control for Connected and Automated Vehicles

Recorder: Yiheng Feng, University of Michigan

Centralized v.s. Distributed Speed Coordination of Cooperative Vehicles at Intersections, Meng Wang, Technical University of Delft

Connected and Automated Driving at an Signalized Intersection – Two Examples of Vehicle-Signal Cooperation, Jia Hu, FHWA and Mehdi Zamanipour, FHWA

Traffic Signal Optimization under the Connected Vehicle Environment, Authors: Wan Li, Xuegang (Jeff) Ban; University of Washington

Optimal Intersection Control for Automated Vehicles, Henry Liu and Yiheng Feng, University of Michigan

Session 2: Experience and Research Towards Traffic Management Systems in a Connected and Automated Vehicle Environment

Moderator: Yiheng Feng, University of Michigan

Recorder: Mehdi Zamanipour, FHWA

Innovation in Action: Deploying one of the First U.S. Instances of Vehicle-to-Infrastructure Technology in Tampa, Florida, Marcus Welz, CEO, Siemens Intelligent Traffic Systems

Managing automated vehicles at signalized intersections, Jaap Vreeswijk, MAP Traffic Management

The Capacity and Delay Implications of CAV at Signalized Intersections and How Can be Accounted in the Highway Capacity Manual Approach, Eric Ruehr and Alex Skabardonis,

Dynamic Optimization of Spatial-Temporal Resources for an Isolated Intersection in a Connected and Automated Vehicles Environment, Wanjing Ma, Tongji University

Group Discussion: Research Needs and Opportunities for Innovative Approach’s to Controlled Junctions in a Connected and Automated Vehicle Environment, Henry Liu and Larry Head


Breakout 22: Legal and Policy Approaches: Finding the Right Balance on Legislating for Automated Vehicles

Wednesday, July 12
Franciscan C&D

Organizers:

  • Karlyn Stanley, RAND Corporation
  • Ellen Partridge
  • Ginger Goodin, Texas Transportation Institute- Policy Research Center
  • Anita Kim, USDOT

States are taking different approaches towards developing and enacting legislation specific to automated vehicles. While some have defined clear and explicit rules for testing and operation of AVs on public roads, others have adopted a more ‘hands-off’ approach and avoided legislating in this area. Last year, the U.S. Department of Transportation released a model state policy to guide state and local agencies in this area. In addition, several legal associations have initiated their own initiatives on developing model state legislation regarding AVs. The goal of this session is to bring together the various groups working on AV legislative approaches and to delve deeply into the topic to work towards defining and assessing a legislative framework for AVs.

The first part of the session will include short presentations from over a dozen associations and entities involved in drafting and developing AV legislation. The idea is to highlight the parallel efforts in this area and identify opportunities for collaboration.

The second part of the session will include an interactive discussion on the specifics of developing a uniform legislation regarding AVs, representing a ‘deep dive’ into the topic. This discussion will assess the key components, impacts and challenges of developing AV legislation and will draw expertise from states who have gone through this process.


Breakout 23: Early Deployment Alternatives

Tuesday, July 11
Golden Gate 4


Breakout 24: Automated Vehicles for People with Disabilities

Wednesday, July 12
Golden Gate 5

Organizers:

  • Mohammed Yousuf, Federal Highway Administration
  • Sudharson Sundararajan, Booz Allen Hamilton
  • Jeff Gerlach, Securing America’s Future Energy (SAFE)
  • Drennan Hicks, Noblis
  • Corey Harper, Carnegie Mellon University

For people with disabilities and older adults, inadequate mobility and transportation can hinder them from completing important tasks, such as obtaining employment, commuting to appointments, or even attending social events that many take for granted. In 2010, the U.S. Census reported that approximately 56.7 million people in the U.S. had some type of disability. The USDOT’s ATTRI Program leverages recent advances in vehicle, infrastructure, and pedestrian-based technologies, as well as accessible data, mobile computing, robotics, artificial intelligence, object detection, and navigation. These technologies are enabled by ever present wireless communications that connect travelers and their mobile devices, vehicles, and roadside infrastructure.

Automated vehicles and other complementary technologies have the potential to bring about many transformational changes to the lives of people with disabilities. While major efforts to support the development of AVs are underway in both the public and private sector, it is important to explore pathways that ensure these new technologies are accessible and available to everyone. This breakout session will invite technology developers, stakeholders in the disability community, and other industry experts to explore different aspects of this development process including universal design, Inclusive ICT, Institutional and policy barriers, standards harmonization, etc. as it relates to disabilities. The session will also explore how AV technologies crosscuts other ATTRI application areas of focus such as ‘safe intersection crossing’, ‘pre-trip concierge and virtualization’, and ‘smart wayfinding and navigation’.


Breakout 25: Ethical and Social Implications

Wednesday, July 12
Continental 9

Organizers:

  • Noah Goodall, Virginia Transportation Research Council
  • Norio Komoda, Sakura Associates LLC
  • Yuri Gawdiak, NASA
  • Filippo Santoni de Sio, TU Delft
  • Brant Horio, LMI

This breakout will examine the ethical and social challenges of vehicle automation beyond the legal, policy, and technical issues discussed in other sessions. The breakout will have three panel discussions focusing on different areas.

The first panel will discuss the ethics of routine driving. While some automated vehicle crashes have clear moral implications, these crashes may be quite rare. More common but less obvious are the ethics of routine driving, where small decisions may have ethical implications when scaled over trillions of miles. An automated vehicle's decision to provide more space when passing a cyclist, for example, will slightly increase the risk of colliding with oncoming traffic. Examples of these situations, and ways to address them, will be explored.

The final panel will consider how similar ethical challenges have been handled in other fields. If driving can be described as a series of decisions about how to distribute crash risks, then experts from industries that distribute risks and ration benefits may have useful lessons to share. Examples include public health, workplace safety, aviation, and defense.


Breakout 23: Early Deployment Alternatives

Tuesday, July 11
Golden Gate 4

Organizers:

  • Dale Thompson, FHWA
  • Xiaoyun Lu, University of California, Berkeley
  • Jiaqi Ma, Leidos
  • Taylor Lochrane, FHWA
  • Mathieu Joerger, University of Arizona

The objective of this break-out session is to identify the research topics that must be addressed to overcome the challenges and take advantage of the opportunities from using connected automation to improve transportation operations. Break-out sessions in previous AVS events have focused on Connected Level 1 Automation, i.e., connected longitudinal control, by means of V2V or V2I. This session will continue by briefly introducing two promising applications: (1) Cooperative adaptive cruise control (CACC) for freeway operations and (2) Eco-approach and departure (EAD) to signalized intersections, and will describe ongoing research progress by government and industry toward developing them for possible future deployment. The test facilities and test progress for early CACC prototypes will be described. Finally, results of simulation studies of CACC for application to realistic traffic scenarios will be presented. A general discussion will then be followed by collaborative identification of research gaps that will lead to outlines of possible Research Needs Problem Statements for consideration by TRB committees as products of the breakout session.

Draft Agenda - CAV Early Deployment Alternatives

Panel:

  • (Moderator/speaker) Dale Thompson, FHWA, Operations
  • Xiaoyun Lu, University of California, Berkeley
  • Jiaqi Ma, Leidos
  • Taylor Lochrane, FHWA, Operations R&D
  • Mathieu Joerger, University of Arizona

Audience Q&A (5 mins)

  • Clarification on ideas and issues presented, clarify breakout session format

Break Out Group (30 mins)

  • Facilitated Discussion on barriers, knowledge gaps, and research needs statements
  • Institutional and policy barriers to real world CACC and Advanced Traffic Signal approach and departure deployment?
  • Technical barriers to real world CACC and Advanced Traffic Signal approach and departure deployment?
  • Research gaps and needs statements?

Session Wrap-Up (5 mins)

  • Summarize identified research needs that could be expanded into formal research needs statements supported by the sponsoring TRB Committees and identify leaders and teams.