Agenda Breakouts Enterprise Solution Series Speakers Posters
Did you know that one of the highest rated features of The Automated Vehicles Symposium is our series of Breakout Sessions? These Breakouts are unique to the Symposium. Session organizers arrange expert speakers on relevant topics and then session attendees debate and discuss the issues. These discussions often include perspectives from around the world. Every Breakout Session generates outputs after the symposium which are posted on the AVS website. Breakout sessions will be held from 1:30 PM – 5:30 PM on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday during the Symposium.
NOTE: All breakout sessions are closed to the media.
TRACK: POLICY AND PLANNING
Ethical Algorithms in Autonomous Vehicles
Nicholas G. Evans, University of Massachusetts Lowell
Pamela Robinson, University of Massachusetts Lowell/Australian National University
We bring together internationally recognized and emerging scholars in ethics and policy to present new work in machine ethics and the ethics of autonomous vehicles. The two days of programming will feature discussion and conceptual innovation in the ethics of autonomous vehicles, followed by an open forum to identify emerging issues and develop collaborations for future work.
NEW for 2019: We’ll discuss how trust and uncertainty figure in the ethics of autonomous vehicles, and we’ll consider the effects of autonomous vehicles on society as a whole.
Energy and Environmental Implications of Connected and Automated Vehicles: Trends in Industry, Research, Regulations and Policy
Morteza Taiebat, PhD Candidate, University of Michigan
Dimitris Assanis, Assanis & Associates Inc.
The session aims to understand the perspectives of consumers and industry participants (automakers and Tier 1 suppliers) and their responses to potential regulatory actions (e.g. off-cycle credits, CAFE, and EV mandates) related to the above topics. The alignment of stakeholder interests between industry, regulators, and consumers is further explored to better understand where market value propositions exist.
The goal of the session is to explore current issues related to the potential energy and emissions implications of connected and automated vehicle technologies and the way that consumers may actually purchase and use them. The session will further engage key stakeholders to amalgamate perspectives and create a unifying vision for the adoption of energy-efficient CAVs as they are likely going to be used. The ultimate goal is to provide robust, policy acceptable solutions that broaden the purpose of CAVs from one primarily driven by safety, mobility and convenience to an implemented (or adopted) technology that also decreases energy and environmental impacts.
AV-Readiness Planning in MPO Long-Range Transportation Plans
Keli P. Kemp, AICP, PTP, Co-Founder, Modern Mobility Partners
Jennifer Zhan, AICP, PTP, Co-Founder, Modern Mobility Partners
David Haynes, Long Range Transportation Plan Manager, Atlanta Regional Commission
Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs) are required by federal planning regulations to develop a long-range transportation plan (LRTP) every 4-5 years that results in a fiscally constrained transportation project list for twenty years out. Most MPOs are struggling with how to account for emerging technologies, especially connected and autonomous vehicles (CAVs). Audience members will hear six speakers discuss their perspectives, including demystifying and deconstructing the federal MPO planning regulations and how CAVs can be incorporated into the MPO LRTP planning process and document, followed by three interactive breakout groups to develop actionable steps going forward.
Regulatory Policy for Automated Vehicles
Baruch Feigenbaum, Assistant Director Transportation Policy, Reason Foundation
Anita Kim, Technology Policy Lead, Volpe Center
Shaun Kildare, Research Director at Advocates for Highway and Auto Safety
Nick Wood, Assistant Research Engineer, Texas A&M Transportation Institute
Our session focusing on regulatory policy at the federal and state level has three parts. The first part features two short presentations explaining current 2019 AV policy with a focus on developments over the past year. The second part is a panel focused on state-level actions and includes state legislators, DOTs, DMVs, MPOs, and city leaders. The third part is on federal actions and includes NHTSA, an automaker, an ADS technology company, an insurer, and a consumer perspective. Both panels will focus on lessons learned including the failure of legislative and regulatory approaches and offer some next steps.
Overcoming Roadblocks to Implementing Roadway Automation
Lead: Ted Bailey, Cooperative Automated Transportation Program Manager, Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT)
Daniela Bremmer, Cooperative Automated Transportation Development Manager, Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT)
Robert Dingess, President, Mercer Strategic Alliance, Inc.
Brian Watson, Director of Business Development and Innovative Programs, American Traffic Safety Services Administration (ATSSA)
Shane McKenzie, Transportation Engineer Specialist, Kentucky Transportation Cabinet
Paul Carlson, Chief Technology Officer, Road Infrastructure Inc.,
Jose Herrera-Alonso, 3M
Shawn Brovolds, Market Development Manager – Connected Roads, 3M,
Sandra Larson, Stanley Consultants
Gaia Borgias, Program Manager, Mobility Innovation Center CoMotion at University of Washington
Bruce Haldors, CEO, Transpo Group
Ryan Snyder, Principle, Transpo Group
Public Sector Infrastructure Owner Operators (IOOs) face many challenges and barriers to implementing roadway automation. At the same time, the private sector (OEMs, Tier and Infrastructure Suppliers), consultants and academia are moving at a scale and pace that significantly exceed IOO’s readiness to engage and capacity to adapt. This creates roadblocks for innovation.
The objective of this breakout session is to create a better, mutual understanding of IOO’s and private sector assumptions and needs. The focus will be on finding workable solutions to overcome roadblocks and institutional barriers. This will support effective partnerships between private and public partners and help IOOs adopt and implement the automated and connected technologies that are currently being developed at a rapid pace.
TRACK: OPERATIONS AND APPLICATIONS
New Innovations in Intelligent Intersection Management with Cooperative Automation
Yiheng Feng, Assistant Research Scientist, University of Michigan
Jia Hu, Professor, Tongji University
Xianfeng Yang, University of Utah
Mehdi Zamanipour, NAS - FHWA
Xin Li, Dalian Maritime University
Jiaqi Ma, University of Cincinnati
Brian Watson, American Traffic Safety Services Association
Jochen Lohmiller, PTV
Xiao-Yun Lu, University of California at Berkeley
Paul Carlson, Road infrastructure Inc.
Raymundo Martinez, TransCore
Alex Skabardonis, University of California at Berkeley
Qing He, SUNY – Baffalo
This session will investigate potential benefits from different cooperative automation technologies in managing signalized intersections, focusing on both research activities and deployment efforts. The goal is to find the roles of both infrastructure and vehicles in sensing, communication, and control strategies and how they can cooperate toward safer and more efficient intersection operations. There are mainly three focus areas: i) Intelligent traffic control system utilizing crowd-sourced traffic data (e.g., connected vehicles, ride hailing vehicles); ii) Vehicle automation that actively responses to and cooperates with traffic control via connectivity; iii) Joint control of vehicle trajectories and transportation infrastructure.
Planning-Level Capacity Adjustments for CAVs: The Future is Now
Erik Ruehr, Director of Traffic Engineering, VRPA Technologies
Brian Dunn, Transportation Planning Analysis Manager, Oregon Department of Transportation
Alex Skabardonis, Professor-in-Residence, University of California
Bastian Schroeder, Principal Engineer, Kittelson & Associates
For transportation planning agencies, the future is now. As agencies prepare for a future that will include connected and automated vehicles, there is an immediate need for answers to the following questions:
- How wide should roadways be built to accommodate future traffic demand?
- How will connected and automated vehicles affect the capacity of roadways?
This session will provide a summary of current research. The audience will be encouraged to provide comments and questions related to their experience as well as ideas for future research. This is a new session topic that has not been presented previously at AVS.
CAV Activities in Florida
Raj Ponnaluri, Connected Vehicles and Arterial Management Engineer, Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT)
Greg Krueger, Director of Emerging Technologies Programs, HNTB
Tom Caffery, Chief Engineer, DRMP, Inc.
Connected and Automated Vehicle (CAV) activities have been advancing in Florida for over a decade. At this session, FDOT will present their new CAV Business Plan and report on current and future CAV activities. Other agencies around the state will also present updates on their activities to showcase the diversity of work being done across the state.
Automated Vehicle (AV) DATA – Who Has It? Who Wants It? What Format?
Sandra Larson, Transportation Innovation Strategies Leader, Stanley Consultants
Jennifer Carter, Senior Manager, Industry Solutions – Intelligent Transportation, HERE Technologies
The purpose of the session is to have an engaging and interactive discussion on AV data/digital infrastructure exchange informed by pilot projects in the U.S., Europe and Japan. A rising tide lifts all boats and learning about advancements in AV data exchange will help us all understand how data can and will be used with Automated Vehicles (AV). This session on practical approaches to data exchange will result in a white paper summarizing the discussion and informing others for future action.
The session is related to last year’s AVS18 session #19: What’s a Digital Infrastructure, Anyway?: Building A Shared Vision for National AV-Readiness, but is now looking at AV data from a more applied and practical perspective with panelists speaking about their data evaluation programs. U.S. state Departments of Transportation (DOT) are pursuing supplying and receiving AV data. Session panelists from Iowa and Colorado are conducting pilot projects on data exchange, and Washington state DOT is evaluating their data for AV ingestion.
International exchange of information will inform us all regarding data and data standard development, and specific discussion will be on Europe’s and Japan’s AV programs. Data will be driving AV advancements in the future and discussing how this needs to happen from a practical perspective will be the focus.
Connected Infrastructure Systems Enabling Automated Vehicles in Smart Communities
Michael Brown, Southwest Research Institute
John Corbin, Federal Highway Administration
David Perlman, U.S. DOT Volpe Center
Jianming Ma, Texas Department of Transportation
Tom Caffrey, DRMP
Kris Milster, Traffic Tech Services
Yang Tao, City of Madison, WS
Eric Rensel, Gannet-Fleming
Peter Rafferty, Gannet-Fleming
Sampson Asare, Noblis
Maxime Redondin, Vedecom
Arman Sargolzaei, Florida Polytechnic University
Blaine Leonard, Utah Department of Transportation
Paul Carlson, Road Infrastructure Inc.
Pat Noyes, Pat Noyes & Associates
Siva Narla, Institute of Transportation Engineers
Michelle Maggiore, Cisco
Stephan Parker, Transportation Research Board
This session will explore opportunities to and challenges of integrating automated vehicles (AVs) into the broader connected municipal infrastructure systems within a smart community or smart corridor. In addition to multimodal transportation infrastructure systems, the session will also focus on telecommunications network and energy-related infrastructure systems. The session will include both a broad discussion on how AVs can be integrated into a connected municipal infrastructure systems environment, and a deep dive into practical considerations for coordinating AVs with emergency response, emergency management, and public safety communications. The latter portion of the session will cover two complementary questions: How can public safety dispatch and communications services, first responders, and emergency managers (1) interact safely and effectively with AVs and (2) use AVs to improve the safety and efficiency of emergency response and emergency management scenarios?
Gamechanger! Using Dedicated Lanes for Early AV Deployment
Michael Davis, Tolls and Technology Service Group Leader, RS&H, Inc.
Zifeng (Lilian) Wu, Engineering Associate, Kittelson Associates
Jiaqi Ma, Assistant Professor, University of Cincinnati
Dan Lamers, Senior Program Manager-Metropolitan Transportation Planning, NCTCOG
Clinton Hail, Transportation Planner, NCTCOG
Ada (Yipeng) Peng, ITS Engineer, HNTB
Benjamin McKeever, CAV Program Manager, UC Berkeley PATH
Casey Emoto, Deputy Director, Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority
Glenn Havinoviski, Associate Vice President - Transportation Systems, Iteris
Nick Wood, Assistant Research Engineer, Texas A&M Transportation Institute
Joe Rouse, Chief at Office of System Operations, California Department of Transportation
Ed Barry, Director of the Tolls Division, Washington Department of Transportation
Chadi Chazbek, Regional Vice President, Kimley-Horn & Associates
Darryl VanMeter, Asst. P3 Division Director/State Innovative Delivery Administrator, Georgia Department of Transportation
Managed lanes have evolved from their beginnings as traditional HOV lanes to being at the forefront of utilizing new and emerging solutions for improving traffic flow and increasing safety. Because the goal of managed lanes is to maintain free flow speeds at all times, it is important to be sure that all methods to increase capacity and reduce unpredictable traffic occurrences are included in their operations toolbox. By using managed lanes as both test facilities and early implementation facilities for AVs we can evaluate their potential effectiveness in real world applications with minimal potential for conflicting traffic.
This session focuses on moving the AV discussion toward practical implementation using managed lanes based on real-world testing and guidance available from the recently released NCHRP 891, Dedicating Lanes for Priority or Exclusive Use by Connected and Automated Vehicles. Moving the dialog toward such implementation is one of the first steps necessary to help public agencies sponsoring such projects adopt policies and plans for application. Many managed lane projects, including dedicated truck lanes, that are in development have been identified as potential candidates for applying AVs. Methods for analyzing applications are now available in NCHRP 891.
Trucking Automation: Deployment Challenges and Opportunities
Richard Bishop, Bishop Consulting
Andrew Krum, Virginia Tech Transportation Institute
Allison Cullin, Amazon
Gene McHale, FHWA
Jeff Loftus, FMCSA
This session will cover the range of capabilities among today’s automated driving system that deliver cargo.
The first day will cover two topics:
- first generation and future generation truck platooning, examining key projects around the world and involving OEMs, fleets, regulators, and startups.
- The emergence of driver monitoring, which is increasing in importance for various forms of truck automation, such as Level 2 systems and platooning of driverless trucks behind a human-driven leader vehicle
The second day will address opportunities and challenges for standalone L4 driverless vehicles across several use cases and topics:
- Robot to Business (R2B)
- “ramp to ramp” long haul cargo movement
- “dock to dock” cargo movement
- Robot to Consumer (R2C)
- Urban delivery
- Residential “across your doormat” delivery
- how minimal risk conditions will be designed to cover the needs of fleets, the public, and highway / surface street operations.
Automation in Mobility: Where Are We and Where Do We Need To Go?
Carol Schweiger, President, Schweiger Consulting
Aybike Ongel, Principal Investigator, TUMCREATE
Jean Ruestman, Administrator, Michigan DOT Office of Passenger Transportation
Peyvand Hajian, Civil Designer, Stantec
This session is intended to not only to continue the discussions that were started in last year’s breakout entitled “A Call to Action” (Breakout #21), but also to cover some additional topics that help to examine how automation can deliver on its promise to alleviate congestion, address equity issues, enhance accessibility and improve service quality in our communities. We know from last year’s discussion that we need to be mindful of a wide variety of factors when we envision a transportation future that includes automation. This session will discuss the current demonstrations of automated vehicles in a number of different settings, and current efforts that are focused on the equity, accessibility, inclusivity, acceptance and service quality of automated mobility solutions. These discussions will encourage the development of an action plan that can be used by public and private mobility stakeholders to ensure that all automated mobility solutions are accepted by and available to all travelers irrespective of their demographics.
Catching Up with Low-Speed Autonomous Shuttles
Katie Turnbull, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, Chair
Cynthia Jones, DriveOhio
Lily Elefteriadou, University of Florida
Bob Brydia, Texas A&M Transportation Institute
Participants will learn the latest information on low-speed autonomous shuttles, which are being piloted, demonstrated, and deployed in downtown areas, university campuses, business parks, airports, and other areas. These services focus on enhancing mobility and accessibility, providing first and last mile trips, and improving transportation options for individuals with disabilities. The session will share experiences with low-speed autonomous shuttles and engage participants in discussing best practices in planning, funding, procuring, marketing, operating, and evaluating this mobility option to help inform decision making, identify research needs, and support future deployments.
TRACK: USERS AND HUMAN FACTORS
Not so Fast: The Importance of Policy, Consumer Education, and Public Acceptance of Vehicles at SAE Levels 1-3
Johanna Zmud, Texas A&M Transportation Institute
This session is motivated by the need to better characterize and understand how drivers are engaging with advanced vehicle technologies that are currently being marketed by auto manufacturers. The challenge is the importance of getting these lower levels “right” – meaning, the customer understands the functionality and actually uses the technology. Essentially setting the higher levels of AV up for success by building trust and acceptance with lower levels of automation. If we want to ensure safety and success with higher automation levels, we need to start asking the right questions about lower levels first, in which the car can steer, brake, and/or accelerate in certain circumstances (but still requires driver involvement).
HMI Design Strategies for Assisted Driving Automation
Bobbie Seppelt, MIT
This NEW workshop features two panels with lots of group discussion. The first panel includes OEM researchers who will discuss strategies for HMI design for assistance automation. Discussion groups will identify a set of HMI design recommendations. The second panel includes policy groups who will discuss methods for HMI assessment. Discussion groups will identify gaps in consumer knowledge based on HMIs of current L1 & L2 technologies. The session will also include an update on AV Human Factors standards activities.
Understanding Travel Behaviors in an Automated World
Yoram Shiftan, Prof., Technion, Israel Institute of Technology
Maren Outwater, TITLE, RSG
Chandra Bhat, Prof., University of Texas at Austin
Giovanni Circella, Dr., University of California, Davis
Akimasa Fujiwara, Prof., University of Hiroshima
Sung Hoo Kim, PhD student, Georgia Tech,
Dalia Leven, Consulting Manager, AECOM
Zhenhong Lin, Senior R&D Staff, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Eric Miller, Prof., University of Toronto
Jeremy Raw, TITLE, FHWA, email@example.com
Scott Smith, Operations Research Analyst, Volpe,
Kathrin Tellez, TITLE, Fehrs and Peers
We’ll bring together scholars, researchers, and industry professionals who are interested in the various travel behavior implications of level 4-5 AV. We’ll hear about and discuss how they will affect our lives, the way we travel, the amount we travel, how we conduct activities, choose where to live and work, etc... We’ll discuss new data collection methods and various methodologies to advance our understanding of AV impacts.
New for 2019, we’ll sit together and develop a research statement on selected topics to best advance the research on behavioral implications of AVs.
How Can Automation Improve Rural Accessibility and Mobility?
Elizabeth Machek, Community Planner, Volpe Center, US DOT
Daniel Blais, Senior Analyst, Transport Canada
Barry Pekilis, ITS Thrust Leader, National Research Council Canada
Scott Smith, Operations Research Analyst, Volpe Center, US DOT
Rural areas are poorly served by transit, and distances are often too far for convenient walking or bicycling. Loss of access to an automobile can be economically and socially devastating for rural residents. This session will convene discussion around the potential benefits of, and anticipated challenges to, automation in rural areas. The discussion will be intentionally broad, incorporating both personally-owned and shared mobility applications, as well as transportation for older travelers, travelers with disabilities, and the general population.
CARMA – Automated Vehicles Working Together
Taylor Lochrane, FHWA
Chris Stanley, Leidos
Cooperative automation will enable automated vehicles (AVs) to significantly improve transportation operations, mobility, and safety. The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is developing an open source software (OSS) platform and collaborating with researchers, operators, public agencies, and the private sector to shape the future of transportation for the public good.
Join the FHWA in advancing the Cooperative Automation Research Mobility Applications (CARMA) Platform, which encourages collaborative research, testing and partnerships to support transportation efficiency and safety. This session will also provide the opportunity to learn about the launch of the CARMA Collaborative, a stakeholder teaming approach to accelerate cooperative automation research to implementation.
New Simulation Tools for Training and Testing Automated Vehicles
Chris Schwarz, Research Engineer, The University of Iowa
Jiaqi Ma, Assistant Professor, University of Cincinnati
Simulation is now fundamental to the continued development of automated driving systems. John Krafcik of Waymo claims that 80 percent of improvements are now coming from running self-driving algorithms in a simulator. There are new simulation tools available for training and testing automated vehicles. They are based on open source or freely available software, such as Unity and Unreal game engines. They support simulation of sensor suites, environmental conditions, full control of all static and dynamic actors, maps generation and much more that enable automated vehicle simulations. They have large and growing communities who can contribute to the simulation ecosystem and develop use cases. We invite this community to discuss tools, simulations, and research needs.
At the End of the Road: Offroad Automation
Steve Dellenback, Vice President R&D, Southwest Research Institute
Matthew Doude, Associate Director, Center for Advanced Vehicular Systems
Current automation efforts are focused on a structured environment that is paved and is preferably well marked. There is a segment of the national road infrastructure that gets little focus: unpaved roadways that exist in many rural areas as well as off-road applications. To achieve deep penetration of AVs outside the urban areas they will need to be able to handle unpaved roads. Many of the currently utilized sensors and mapping techniques will struggle in these environments as the driving area changes significantly with the seasons and the visual cues radically vary. Research results/topics to successfully deploy off road AVs will be discussed.
Spectrum Needs for Cooperative Automation
Jim Misener, Senior Director, Product Management, Qualcomm
Sam Satoshi Oyama, Senior Researcher, ITS Group, ARIB
Robert Dingess, President, Mercer Strategic
Gianmarco Baldini, Scientific Officer, Joint Research Center, European Commission
This session is predicated on the understanding that safe and efficient automated vehicle movements can profoundly benefit from short-range connectivity. It also recognizes that the potential breadth of Connected and Automated Vehicle (CAV) V2V and V2I applications will demand spectrum. The session will convene experts and breakout participants to consider CAV protocols for advanced cooperative maneuver, sensor sharing or other future concepts. (See for example inter at intersections as demonstrated at CES https://www.digitaltrends.com/cars/cv2x-system-ces-2019/).
Automated Vehicles Ecosystem End-to-End Cybersecurity
Dr. Jonathan Petit, Senior Director of Research, OnBoard Security, Inc.
The Automated Vehicles Ecosystem is composed of three components: the vehicle itself, an infrastructure, and users. The vehicle is composed of sensors, processing units, and uses machine learning algorithms and communication technologies. The infrastructure is made of network infrastructure (roadside unit, cellular base station), lane marking, traffic signs, traffic management center, and cloud services (to name a few entities). The users can be vehicle passengers, operators, remote operators, or vulnerable road users. Therefore, it is paramount to design an end-to-end security solution to ensure resilience of the whole system. Unfortunately, until now, we have seen some solutions (if any), but they are all designed in silos. In this session, experts of each subsystem will give you the state-of-the-art in security and privacy. We will discuss AV sensors security, machine learning security, human factors, road / fleet operator security. As policies / regulations play a major role in development and adoption of cybersecurity measures, we will also give an overview of the current legal framework. We will conclude the session with a panel discussion in order to put all solutions together and identify synergies.
Blockchain: Enabling Coordinated Autonomy
J.D. Schneeberger, Noblis
Chris Ballinger, the Mobility Open Blockchain Initiative (MOBI)
Kevin Dopart, USDOT ITS JPO
Rajat Rajbhandari, dexFreight
Dale Thompson, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
Karl Wunderlich, Noblis
Blockchain is founded on an incorruptible, shared, digital ledger of transactions that can record not just financial exchanges but virtually any kind of collective transaction. The secure nature of transactions and the permanent authenticity of the data offers potential for blockchain to augment vehicle automation. This session explores potential use cases where vehicles exchange data and payments with other vehicles and infrastructure; operate in a tokenized environment by registering assets on a public or permissioned ledger; and create an ecosystem of “earned trust” improving traffic flow. This session includes presentation from leading researchers and creates a forum to discuss how this emerging technology can augment vehicle automation.
Enabling Technologies – A Peek Under the Hood
Valentin Scinteie, Director Business Development - Transportation, Kontron (Session Chair)
Dominique Freckmann, Automotive Engineering Manager, TE Connectivity
Eetu Pilli-Shivola, Chief Adviser (Connected and Automated Driving), Traficom
Robert Dingess, President, Mercer Strategic Alliance, Inc.
Stacey Randecker, Senior AV Marketing Manager
This session will focus on the key technologies that shape the autonomous vehicles landscape.
Whether it is for partial automation for L2/3 systems or reaching the holy grail of L4/5 systems, we will examine the components and systems available to AV architects. Our expert panelists will concentrate the discussion on the challenges we are facing in the many ongoing pilot projects followed by “what is coming next” in terms of technologies to address these challenges on each of these three areas:
- Sensing and Perception - Cameras, LiDAR, Radar, Infrared, and Sensor Fusion.
- Position, Localization and Mapping - Continually updated HD Mapping, and precision location inputs/surrounds.
- High Power Compute - The ability to process the necessary data for successful autonomous systems.